Author + information
- Sara Tyebally, MBBS, BSca,
- Daniel Chen, BMeda,b,
- Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, MBChB, MDa,
- Abdallah Mughrabi, MDc,
- Zeeshan Hussain, MDd,
- Charlotte Manisty, PhDa,
- Mark Westwood, MDa,
- Arjun K. Ghosh, MBBS, MSc, PhDa,b,∗@arjunkg and
- Avirup Guha, MDe,f,∗∗ (, )@avirupguha
- aCardiology Department, Barts Heart Centre, St Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, United Kingdom
- bCardio-Oncology Service, University College London Hospital, London, United Kingdom
- cJordan University of Science and Technology, Al Ramtha, Irbid, Jordan
- dDivision of Cardiology, Loyola University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois
- eCardio-Oncology Program, Division of Cardiology, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio
- fHarrington Heart and Vascular Institute, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
- ↵∗Address for correspondence:
Dr. Avirup Guha, Harrington Heart and Vascular Institute, Case Western Reserve University, 350 Hillcrest Drive, Upper Level, Ashland, Ohio 44805.
• Cardiac tumors are rare and should be considered as part of the differential diagnosis of any space-occupying mass noted on cardiovascular and/or thoracic imaging modalities.
• It may be possible to get close to a diagnosis without biopsy using a structured imaging approach.
• The prognosis and treatment of each tumor is different, although early diagnosis is usually associated with a better outcome.
Cardiac masses are rare, but remain an important component of cardio-oncology practice. These include benign tumors, malignant tumors (primary and secondary) and tumor-like conditions (e.g., thrombus, Lambl’s excrescences, and pericardial cyst). The advent of multimodality imaging has enabled identification of the etiology of cardiac masses in many cases, especially in conjunction with information from clinical settings. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, imaging, diagnosis, management, and outcomes of cardiac masses.
- cardiac masses
- cardiac metastases
- cardiac myxoma
- cardiac sarcoma
- cardiac tumors
- papillary fibroelastoma
- pericardial cyst
- pericardial mesothelioma
- pericardial tumors
↵∗ Drs. Ghosh and Guha contributed equally to the manuscript.
The authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
The authors attest they are in compliance with human studies committees and animal welfare regulations of the authors’ institutions and Food and Drug Administration guidelines, including patient consent where appropriate. For more information, visit the JACC: CardioOncology author instructions page.
- Received April 28, 2020.
- Revision received May 7, 2020.
- Accepted May 11, 2020.
- 2020 The Authors